Musings

It has been a while. Somehow the thought “I should write a blog today” gets pushed off until tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow. Much has happened since the last post of January 30th. I’ll summarize quickly – I finished spring semester, looking forward to fall semester and my two offices of Student Government Secretary and Phi Theta Kappa Vice President of Scholarship. There is a new company in place at Ole Miss, and I hope to be working for them for the football, basketball and baseball seasons. In 6 days, I embark on a journey through a part of the US that I have never seen, seeing historical places only names to me before now. That trip has a little bit to do with part of my musings, but not much.

This country I live in has seen much in her 239 years. Today is the first day of the 240th year of the existence of the United States of America. When you look at the age of most of Europe, Asia, even some South American countries, we are barely a toddler. In the last month, the growing pains have been intense. In the last month, what has been a growing divide has become a chasm, in places so deep the bottom is not visible, and the pebble you drop to see how deep it is never makes a sound. The question becomes can we find the material and manpower to bridge the chasm, or do we allow it to become a permanent tear in the fabric of our nation. Two issues have lit the proverbial fuse. Do we let it burn, or do we pour water on the fire and contain the damage?

First, the so-called Confederate Flag. Let’s get one thing straight – this flag was designed as a battle flag so that troops in the Civil War would be able to differentiate between their units and those of the Union. Nothing more. It was a marker. It was never racist. It was never anything more than a piece of cloth used in a war. A war in which Americans fought Americans. A war in which Americans killed Americans. If you boil it down to bare brass tacks, a war for equality. At the end of that war, the South was welcomed back into the Union. The United States went from an “is” to an “are”. It would seem that there are those today who want the “is” back. Because NOTHING is about the collective United States. “I” is being thrown around like a baseball in batting practice. This flag represents HISTORY. Nothing more, and most assuredly nothing less. Look at this graphic from civilwar.org, representing military casualties in the American military:

casualties by war

620,000! That is how many American citizens died when this nation divided in 1861.  The total of all other conflicts – 684,253! At the time, 620,000 was 2% of the entire population. Some more recent figures have been set at as much as 875,000 because the actual record keeping was sporadic at times. Now look at your town. Unless you live in a major city, I’m willing to wager that it would take much less than that to completely wipe out your entire town. I live in a rural area, but the population of the nearest major “city” is right at 40,000. If this doesn’t work for an example for you, try this. The University of Alabama’s football stadium, Bryant Denny, holds 100,000. The dead from the Civil War would fill it to capacity over SIX TIMES!!!! But yet this flag, this Confederate Battle Flag, needs to disappear???? The Union, at the beginning of the war, had a population of approximately 22 million people; the Confederacy about 9 million people. The Union Army had 2,128,948 soldiers. The Confederate Army had 1,082,119.  Even more telling is this graphic, also from civilwar.org, of casualties:

kwc totals

A casualty is a combatant who can no longer perform his duty because of death, wound, or capture/missing.    1,496,000 casualties! That is more than the entire Confederate force! These were all Americans. The notion that the Confederates were traitors is ridiculous. They sincerely believed they were misrepresented/underrepresented in the government, and were being railroaded by that government. Before the Civil War, each state was proud of its own independence, North and South. Robert E. Lee was offered command of the Union Army, but because his state of Virginia had seceded (which he called his country), he felt obligated to Virginia over his obligation to the United States. This was not rare, but rather common. Senator Jefferson Davis cried on the Senate floor when he said his goodbyes upon Mississippi’s secession. Military men who had fought side by side now faced each other on the field of battle. The stories of brother against brother are not fiction – the division of families happened over and over as men left for war.

I could go on and on, for there are stories and facts for every day from the first shot at Fort Sumter to the surrender at Appomattox and beyond. But I lay these facts out for this reason – this flag is HISTORY. Whether Union or Confederate, the 3,211,067 men who fought this war deserve to be remembered. I could list name after name that are forever imbedded in the history of the United States. But every last one of those over three million men, and all the over 28 million who stayed home, deserve our respect. They are the reason why we have a United States of America today. Every drop of blood that was spilled deserves our remembrance. This nation would not be here today if that war had not happened, and if the outcome would have been different.  Out of respect for those gone before, this flag MUST remain at the sites that honor their sacrifice, their determination, and their patriotism. Those who fought the war were already gone by the time others took their symbol of valiant patriotism and made it a symbol of oppression, told lies about its history, and used fear to turn their sacrifice into hatred that never existed. The words of Abraham Lincoln from his famous “Gettysburg Address” speak well to the importance of those four years (from abrahamlincolnonline.org):

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate — we can not consecrate — we can not hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

Abraham Lincoln
November 19, 1863″

Note his line “The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can NEVER FORGET WHAT THEY DID HERE.” Those who would relegate the Confederate Battle Flag, a flag that flew at Gettysburg and countless other battlefields during the Civil War, to be put away forget. They want to forget. All they want to remember is what they have been instructed in fear and loathing – that a simple piece of cloth means nothing except the perverted ideals of those who have no clue what honor truly is.

As far as the use of the Confederate Battle Flag on current statehouse grounds, I agree it is time for it to be put aside. But the incorporation of this flag into state flags should not instill fear, loathing or hatred, but pride. Pride that the citizens of that state cared enough about their world to die for what they saw not as a state, but as their country. Those men, and the families who stayed home, didn’t whine about not getting enough government aid to buy a Cadillac or go to Disney World. They didn’t have more kids so their welfare check could go up. They didn’t lie on their taxes. They were fiercely proud of their state(s). North and South, they were only one generation removed from the Revolutionary War (maybe two), and they had grown up hearing all about George Washington, Valley Forge, Patrick Henry. Think about this timeline; to relate it to today, look at what was happening in the United States 87 years ago, in 1928. Personally, my dad was 14, my mom was 2. The Great Depression was about a year away. How many of us can immediately call to mind the stories of grandpa, great grandpa, or uncles who were “wild” in the Roaring 20’s? I sure can! Now look at those families at the time of the Civil War. Maybe your very own ancestors. If you are like me, you had family on both sides. Family that fought and died. For them, for all the 31 million citizens of the United States of America in 1861, the Confederate Battle Flag MUST remain at those sites they so valiantly, so selflessly fought and died to preserve. It is a true disservice to this nation, and every drop of blood ever spilled to protect and defend her, to do anything less. Go after those who have defiled the history of this flag with their racism and hatred – but don’t blame the flag. She didn’t do it. She was a part of history before those who defiled her were even born.

**************

I put the asterisks in because now I switch gears. The other issue that divides my country is much more than the simple decision of the Supreme Court that couples of the same sex can marry. The crux of this matter is actually religion, and that in and of itself makes it touchy. So, as I start, let me say unequivocally that my intent is not to anger, ridicule, or in any way discount any feelings anyone has about this. If you feel that is my intent, I apologize – not for my views, but that I was unable to present them in a way that you felt threatened or belittled your views. This could not be further from my aims.

First, a little about marriage. Marriage is NOT religious. Yes, there is a definition of marriage in the bible. That is not in dispute. However, when a couple marries in the United States, the marriage license is purchased at the county courthouse. In many cases, the marriage is performed at the county courthouse. You claim “married” as a filing status on your taxes, again there is no church involvement, but rather government. Marriage, as defined by the laws of the United States, is quite simply a tax. You have to pay again – not the church, but the government by way of the legal system –  if you either annul your marriage or get a divorce. So, as a civil action, it is a civil right. Every adult citizen in the United States has the right to opt into the marriage tax. That is the basis of the Supreme Court decision. No where in the determination does it say that a church MUST perform a marriage for a couple – no matter the makeup of the couple. Same sex, same ethnicity, same hair color, different ethnicity, different country of origin, different color eyes – it simply does not matter. As long as two adults are consenting to enter into this legal relationship, it can happen. When those same two adults want out of that legal relationship, they have the right and responsibility to follow the legal channels for either annulment or divorce. That simple, and that complex.

The complex part is religion. The following is a cut and paste from a note I posted on my Facebook page nearly 4 years ago. This is JUST those religions who consider themselves Christian. It’s very lengthy, but my point will become clear.

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

The following is a simple cut and paste from Wikipedia – these churches all consider themselves as Christians.  Yes, all of them! This is in regard to my question of yesterday about how you consider the importance of your religion. Warning – its 25 pages in my word processing program.

 

Catholicism

Main article: Catholicism

These are the churches which claim continuity (based upon Apostolic Succession) with the early Church.

[edit]Catholic Church

Main article: Catholic Church

Catholic Church is composed of two rites; one is the western or latin rite, another is the eastern rite (i.e., Eastern Catholic Churches).

[edit]The Latin Rite

The Latin Rite or Church[3] is the largest and most widely known of the 22 Rites that together make up the Catholic Church.

[edit]Eastern Catholic Churches

Main article: Eastern Catholic Churches

All of the following are particular churches of the Catholic Church. They are all in communion with the Bishop of Rome and acknowledge his claim of universal jurisdiction and authority. They have some minor distinct theological emphases and expressions (for instance, in the case of those that are of Greek/Byzantine tradition, concerning some non-doctrinal aspects of the Latin view of purgatory).[4]The Eastern Catholic churches and the Latin church (which together compose the worldwide Catholic Church) share the same doctrine and sacraments, and thus the same faith.

  • Armenian Catholic Church
  • Belarusian Greek Catholic Church
  • Bulgarian Catholic Church
  • Chaldean Catholic Church
  • Coptic Catholic Church
  • Croatian Greek Catholic Church
  • Ethiopian Catholic Church
  • Georgian Catholic Church
  • Greek Catholic Church
  • Hungarian Greek Catholic Church
  • Italo-Albanian Catholic Church
  • Macedonian Catholic Church
  • Maronite Catholic Church
  • Melkite Catholic Church
  • Romanian Catholic Church
  • Russian Catholic Church
  • Ruthenian Catholic Church (usually called the “Byzantine Catholic Church” in the United States)
  • Slovak Greek Catholic Church
  • Syrian Catholic Church
  • Syro-Malabar Church
  • Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
  • Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church

The Catholic Church considers itself the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church that Christ founded.[5] As such, the Catholic Church does not consider itself a denomination, but as pre-denominational, the original Church of Christ.

[edit]Other churches

[edit]Independent (self-identified as Catholic)

See also: Sedevacantism

  • Apostolic Catholic Church
  • American Catholic Church in the United States
  • Bosnian Church (no longer in existence)
  • Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church
  • Catholic Charismatic Church of Canada
  • Celtic Catholic Church
  • Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association
  • Communion of Christ the Redeemer
  • Free Catholic Church
  • Liberal Catholic Church
  • Mariavite Church
  • Old Catholic Church
  • Old Catholic Church of America
  • Old Catholic Church in Europe
  • Palmarian Catholic Church
  • Philippine Independent Church
  • Polish National Catholic Church
  • Spiritus Christi
  • True Catholic Church

[edit]Eastern Orthodoxy

Main article: Eastern Orthodox Church

See also: Eastern Orthodox Church organization and Eastern Orthodox Christian theology

List provided in order of precedence. Indentation indicates autonomy rather than autocephaly.

[edit]Eastern Orthodox Church

Main article: Eastern Orthodox Church

  • Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople
    • Finnish Orthodox Church
    • Estonian Apostolic Orthodox Church (autonomy not universally recognized)
    • Patriarchal Exarchate for Orthodox Parishes of Russian Tradition in Western Europe (autonomy not universally recognized)
  • Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria
  • Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch
    • Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America
  • Greek Orthodox Church of Jerusalem
    • Saint Catherine’s Monastery (considered autocephalous by some)
  • Russian Orthodox Church
    • Latvian Orthodox Church (semi-autonomous)
    • Moldovan Orthodox Church (autonomy not universally recognized)
    • Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate)
    • Japanese Orthodox Church(autonomy not universally recognized)
    • Chinese Orthodox Church
    • Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia (semi-autonomous; not universally recognized)
    • Estonian Orthodox Church of Moscow Patriarchate (semi-autonomous; not universally recognized)
  • Serbian Orthodox Church
  • Macedonian Orthodox Church
    • Orthodox Ohrid Archbishopric
  • Romanian Orthodox Church
    • Metropolis of Bessarabia
  • Bulgarian Orthodox Church
  • Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church
  • Cypriot Orthodox Church
  • Church of Greece
  • Albanian Orthodox Church
  • Polish Orthodox Church
  • Orthodox Autocephalous Church of Albania
  • Czech and Slovak Orthodox Church
  • Orthodox Church in America (autocephaly not universally recognized)

The Eastern Orthodox Church considers itself to be the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church that Christ founded.

[edit]Other churches

Some Orthodox Churches with not universally recognized autocephaly by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople:

  • Greek Old Calendarists
  • Montenegrin Orthodox Church
  • Macedonian Orthodox Church
  • Russian Old Believers
  • Orthodox-Catholic Church of America (OCCA)
  • Ukrainian Orthodox Church:
    • Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church
    • Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Kiev Patriarchy)

[edit]Oriental Orthodoxy

Main article: Oriental Orthodox Church

Oriental Orthodoxy comprises those Christians who did not accept the Council of Chalcedon (AD 451). Other denominations often erroneously label these churches “Monophysite”, however, as the Oriental Orthodox do not adhere to the teachings of Eutyches, they themselves reject this label, preferring the term Miaphysite.

  • Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria
    • British Orthodox Church
    • French Coptic Orthodox Church
  • Syriac Orthodox Church
    • Jacobite Syrian Christian Church
  • Armenian Apostolic Church
    • Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin
    • Holy See of Cilicia
    • Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem
    • Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople
  • Church of Caucasian Albania (extinct)
  • Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
  • Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church
  • Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church
  • The Antiochian Catholic Church in America is theologically aligned with the Oriental Orthodox, but is not in full communion with them, primarily because it ordains women and does not impose celibacy on its bishops.
  • Celtic Orthodox Church
  • Sassanid Church (no longer in existence)
  • Malabar Independent Syrian Church

The Oriental Orthodox Church considers itself to be the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church that Christ founded.

[edit]Church of the East

The Church of the East is said to have been formed by St Thomas. The Church did not attend the Council of Ephesus (AD 431). It is incorrectly referred to as the Nestorian Church; Assyrian Christians do not consider themselves Nestorians, and recent Christological agreements with the Catholic and some of the Orthodox churches have resolved this debate permanently, clearing the way for ecumenical relations.

  • Church of the East (historical church)
    • Assyrian Church of the East (successor church)
    • Ancient Church of the East (successor church)

The Church of the East considers itself to be the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church that Christ founded.

[edit]Protestantism

Main articles: Protestantism and Protestant Reformation

See also: Protestantism by country

These are the churches “which repudiated the papal authority, and separated or were severed from the Roman communion in the Reformation of the 16th cent., and of any of the bodies of Christians descended from them.”[6]

 

Diagram showing major branches and movements within Protestantism

 

[edit]Pre-Lutheran Protestants

  • Hussites
    • Moravian Church
    • Unity of the Brethren
    • Utraquists
  • Waldensians

[edit]Lutheranism

Main articles: Lutheranism and Martin Luther

  • Apostolic Lutheran Church of America
  • Association of Free Lutheran Congregations
  • Church of the Lutheran Brethren of America
  • Church of the Lutheran Confession
  • Concordia Lutheran Conference
  • Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference
    • Evangelical Lutheran Church “Concord” (Russia)
    • Evangelical Lutheran Free Church (Germany)
    • Evangelical Lutheran Synod (United States)
    • Lutheran Church of Central Africa Malawi Conference
    • Lutheran Church of Central Africa Zambia Conference
    • Ukrainian Lutheran Church
    • Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (United States)
  • Evangelical Catholic Church
  • Evangelical Community Church-Lutheran
  • Evangelical Lutheran Diocese of North America
  • International Lutheran Council
    • American Association of Lutheran Churches
    • Evangelical Lutheran Church – Synod of France and Belgium
    • Evangelical Lutheran Church of Brazil
    • Evangelical Lutheran Church of England
    • Gutnius Lutheran Church
    • Independent Evangelical-Lutheran Church
    • Japan Lutheran Church
    • Lanka Lutheran Church
    • Lutheran Church—Canada
    • Lutheran Church—Hong Kong Synod
    • Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod (United States)
    • Lutheran Church of Australia (associate member)
  • German Evangelical Church in Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia (no longer in existence)
  • Laestadian Lutheran Church
  • Latvian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
  • Lutheran Church of China (no longer in existence)
  • Lutheran Congregations in Mission for Christ (United States)
  • Lutheran Evangelical Protestant Church (United States)
  • Lutheran Ministerium and Synod – USA
  • Lutheran World Federation
    • Andhra Evangelical Lutheran Church
    • Arcot Lutheran Church
    • Batak Christian Protestant Church
    • Evangelical Church of Denmark
    • Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland
    • Church of Iceland
    • Church of Norway
    • Church of Sweden
    • Church of the Faroe Islands
    • Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church
    • Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Slovakia
    • Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
    • Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada
    • Evangelical Lutheran Church of Papua New Guinea
    • Evangelical Lutheran Church in Southern Africa
    • Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland
    • Evangelical Lutheran Church of Latvia
    • Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania
    • Evangelical Lutheran Church in Madhya Pradesh
    • Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Himalayan States
    • Evangelical Lutheran Free Church of Norway (associate member)
    • Gossner Evangelical Lutheran Church in Chotanagpur and Assam
    • Indian Evangelical Lutheran Church
    • Jeypore Evangelical Lutheran Church
    • Lutheran Church of Australia (associate member)
    • Malagasy Lutheran Church
    • Northern Evangelical Lutheran Church
    • Simalungun Protestant Christian Church
    • South Andhra Lutheran Church
    • Tamil Evangelical Lutheran Church

[edit]Anglicanism

[edit]Anglican Communion

Main article: Anglican Communion

See also: Anglicanism

Anglicanism has referred to itself as the via media between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. It considers itself to be both Catholic and Reformed. Although the use of the term “Protestant” to refer to Anglicans was once common, it is controversial today, with some rejecting the label and others accepting it.

  • Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia
  • Anglican Church in Central America
  • Anglican Church of Australia
  • Anglican Church of Burundi
  • Anglican Church of Canada
  • Anglican Church of Kenya
  • Anglican Church of Korea
  • Anglican Church of Mexico
  • Anglican Church of Papua New Guinea
  • Anglican Church of Southern Africa
  • Anglican Church of Tanzania
  • Anglican Church of the Southern Cone of America
  • Anglican Episcopal Church of Brazil
  • Church in the Province of the West Indies
  • Church in Wales
  • Church of England
  • Church of Ireland
  • Church of Nigeria
  • Church of Uganda
  • Church of the Province of Central Africa
  • Church of the Province of Melanesia
  • Church of the Province of Myanmar
  • Church of the Province of Rwanda
  • Church of the Province of South East Asia
  • Church of the Province of the Indian Ocean
  • Church of the Province of West Africa
  • Episcopal Church (in the United States and elsewhere)
  • Episcopal Church in Jerusalem and the Middle East
  • Episcopal Church in the Philippines
  • Episcopal Church of Cuba
  • Episcopal Church of the Sudan
  • Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui
  • Lusitanian Catholic Apostolic Evangelical Church (in Portugal)
  • Nippon Sei Ko Kai (Japan)
  • Province de L’Eglise Anglicane Du Congo
  • Scottish Episcopal Church
  • Spanish Reformed Episcopal Church

The Anglican Communion also includes the following united churches:

  • Church of Bangladesh
  • Church of North India
  • Church of South India
  • Church of Pakistan

The Anglican Communion considers itself to be part of the One Holy catholic and Apostolic Church that Christ founded, without the implication that various other churches are not also branches of it.

[edit]Other Anglican Churches

Main article: Continuing Anglican movement

  • African Orthodox Church
  • Anglican Catholic Church
  • Anglican Church in America
  • Anglican Church in North America
  • Anglican Church of India
  • Anglican Episcopal Church (USA)
  • Anglican Mission in the Americas
  • Anglican Orthodox Church
  • Anglican Province of America
  • Anglican Province of Christ the King
  • Christian Episcopal Church
  • Church of England (Continuing)
  • Church of England in South Africa
  • Communion of Evangelical Episcopal Churches
  • Diocese of the Great Lakes
  • Diocese of the Holy Cross
  • Episcopal Missionary Church
  • Evangelical Connexion of the Free Church of England
  • Free Church of England
  • Free Protestant Episcopal Church
  • Holy Catholic Church–Western Rite
  • Independent Anglican Church Canada Synod
  • Orthodox Anglican Church
  • Reformed Episcopal Church
  • Southern Episcopal Church
  • United Episcopal Church of North America

[edit]Reformed Churches

Main article: Reformed Churches

See also: Calvinism and First Great Awakening

  • Canadian and American Reformed Churches
  • Christian Reformed Church in North America
  • Christian Reformed Churches of Australia
  • Confederation of Reformed Evangelical Churches
  • Congregational Federation of Australia
  • Dutch Reformed Church
  • Federation of Swiss Protestant Churches
  • Free Reformed Churches of North America
  • Heritage Reformed Congregations
  • Netherlands Reformed Congregations
  • Orthodox Christian Reformed Church
  • Protestant Reformed Churches in America
  • Reformed Church in America
  • Reformed Church in Hungary
  • Reformed Church in the United States
  • United Reformed Church
  • United Reformed Churches in North America
  • Armenian Reformed Bible Church

[edit]Presbyterianism

Main article: Presbyterianism

See also: Presbyterian polity

  • Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church
  • Bible Presbyterian Church
  • Christ Community Church
  • Church of Scotland
  • Confederation of Reformed Evangelical Churches
  • Cumberland Presbyterian Church
  • Evangelical Presbyterian Church (United States)
  • Evangelical Presbyterian Church in England and Wales
  • Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Ukraine
  • Evangelical Presbyterian Church (Australia)
  • Evangelical Reformed Presbyterian Church
  • Free Church of Scotland
  • Free Church of Scotland (Continuing)
  • Free Presbyterian Church (Australia)
  • Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland
  • Free Presbyterian Church of North America
  • Free Presbyterian Church of Ulster
  • Greek Evangelical Church
  • Orthodox Presbyterian Church
  • Presbyterian Church in America
  • Presbyterian Church in Canada
  • Presbyterian Church of India
  • Presbyterian Church in Ireland
  • Presbyterian Church in Taiwan
  • Presbyterian Church of Aotearoa New Zealand
  • Presbyterian Church of Australia
  • Presbyterian Church of Brazil
  • Presbyterian Church of Eastern Australia
  • Presbyterian Church of Korea
  • Presbyterian Church of Pakistan
  • Presbyterian Church of Wales (also a Methodist church)
  • Presbyterian Church (USA)
  • Presbyterian Reformed Church (Australia)
  • Presbyterian Reformed Church (North America)
  • Reformed Church of France
  • Reformed Presbyterian Church General Assembly
  • Reformed Presbyterian Church – Hanover Presbytery
  • Reformed Presbyterian Church in the United States
  • Reformed Presbyterian Church of Australia
  • Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America
  • Reformed Presbyterian Church of Scotland
  • Southern Presbyterian Church (Australia)
  • United Free Church of Scotland
  • United Presbyterian Church of North America
  • Uniting Presbyterian Church in Southern Africa
  • United Presbyterian Church of Pakistan
  • Upper Cumberland Presbyterian Church
  • Westminster Presbyterian Church of Australia
  • Westminster Presbyterian Church in the United States

[edit]Congregationalist Churches

Main article: Congregational Church

  • Conservative Congregational Christian Conference
  • English Independents (virtually extinct as a modern and distinct group)
  • Huguenots (virtually extinct as a modern and distinct group)
  • National Association of Congregational Christian Churches
  • United Congregational Church of Southern Africa

[edit]Anabaptists

Main article: Anabaptists

See also: Radical Reformation, Theology of Anabaptism, and Schwarzenau Brethren

  • Abecedarians (extinct)
  • Amish
    • Beachy Amish
    • Nebraska Amish
    • Old Order Amish
    • Swartzentruber Amish
  • Apostolic Christian Church

[edit]Brethren

Main article: Brethren

  • Church of the United Brethren in Christ
  • Free Evangelical Churches
  • Hutterites
    • Bruderhof Communities
  • Mennonites
    • Alliance of Mennonite Evangelical Congregations
    • Chortitzer Mennonite Conference
    • Church of God in Christ, Mennonite (Holdeman Mennonites)
    • Conference of the Mennonite Brethren Churches in India
    • Conservative Mennonite Conference
    • Evangelical Mennonite Church
    • Evangelical Mennonite Conference
    • Evangelical Mennonite Mission Conference
    • Evangelical Missionary Church
    • Fellowship of Evangelical Bible Churches (formerly Evangelical Mennonite Brethren)
    • Mennonite Brethren Churches
      • Canadian Conference of Mennonite Brethren Churches
      • Japan Mennonite Brethren Conference
      • US Conference of Mennonite Brethren Churches
    • Mennonite Church Canada
    • Mennonite Church in the Netherlands
    • Mennonite Church USA
    • Missionary Church
    • Old Order Mennonites
    • Swiss Mennonite Conference
  • Plymouth Brethren
    • Exclusive Brethren
    • Indian Brethren
    • Kerala Brethren
    • Open Brethren
  • River Brethren
    • Brethren in Christ Church
    • Old Order River Brethren
    • United Zion Church
  • Schwarzenau Brethren
    • Brethren Reformed Church
    • Church of the Brethren
    • Conservative Grace Brethren Churches, International
    • Dunkard Brethren
    • Ephrata Cloister
    • Fellowship of Grace Brethren Churches
    • Old German Baptist Brethren
    • Old Order German Baptist Brethren
    • The Brethren Church (Ashland Brethren)
  • Social Brethren

[edit]Methodists

Main article: Methodism

  • African Methodist Episcopal Church
  • African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
  • British Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Christian Methodist Episcopal Church (Dallas, Texas)
  • Church of the Nazarene
  • Congregational Methodist Church
  • Evangelical Church (ECNA)
  • Evangelical Church of the Dominican Republic
  • Evangelical Methodist Church
  • First Congregational Methodist Church
  • Free Methodist Church (North America)
  • Free Wesleyan Church (Tonga)
  • Fundamental Methodist Conference, Inc.
  • Southern Methodist Church
  • Methodist Church in India
  • Methodist Church in Ireland
  • Methodist Church in Singapore
  • Methodist Church of Fiji and Rotuma
  • Methodist Church of Great Britain
  • Methodist Church of Malaysia
  • Methodist Church of New Zealand
  • Methodist Church of Southern Africa
  • Presbyterian Church of Wales (also a Presbyterian church)
  • Primitive Methodist Church
  • Remonstrant Brotherhood
  • United Methodist Church
  • Wesleyan Church
  • Wesleyan Reform Union

[edit]Pietists and Holiness Churches

Main articles: Pietism and Holiness movement

See also: Higher Life movement, Holiness Tabernacles, and Third Great Awakening

  • Bible Fellowship Church
  • Christian Baptist Church of God
  • Christian and Missionary Alliance
  • Christ’s Sanctified Holy Church
  • Church of Christ (Holiness) U.S.A.
  • Church of God (Anderson)
  • Church of God (Guthrie, Oklahoma)
  • Church of God (Holiness)
  • Church of God (Restoration)
  • Church of God in Christ
  • Churches of God General Conference (Winebrenner)
  • Deeper Life Bible Church
  • Evangelical Church of India
  • Evangelical Free Church of America
  • Harmony Society
  • Missionary Church
  • Salvation Army
  • United Christian Church

[edit]Baptists

Main article: Baptists

See also: Baptist beliefs and List of Baptist Confessions

Note: All Baptist associations are congregationalist affiliations for the purpose of cooperation, in which each local church is governmentally independent. The most prominent Baptist organizations in the United States are the American Baptist Association, tending to be more liberal, the National Baptist Convention, tending to be more moderate and the Southern Baptist Convention, tending to be more conservative.

Further information: List of Baptist sub-denominations

  • African United Baptist Association of Nova Scotia
  • Alliance of Baptists
  • American Baptist Association
  • American Baptist Churches USA
  • Association of Baptist Churches in Ireland
  • Association of Grace Baptist Churches
  • Association of Reformed Baptist Churches of America
  • Association of Regular Baptist Churches
  • Baptist Bible Fellowship International
  • Baptist Conference of the Philippines
  • Baptist Convention of Ontario and Quebec
  • Baptist Convention of Western Cuba
  • Baptist General Conference (Sweden)
  • Baptist General Conference of Canada
  • Baptist General Convention of Texas
  • Baptist Missionary Association of America
  • Baptist Union of Australia
  • Baptist Union of Great Britain
  • Baptist Union of New Zealand
  • Baptist Union of Scotland
  • Baptist Union of Western Canada
  • Baptist World Alliance
  • Bible Baptist
  • Black Primitive Baptists
  • Canadian Baptist Ministries
  • Canadian Convention of Southern Baptists
  • Central Baptist Association
  • Central Canada Baptist Conference
  • Christian Unity Baptist Association
  • Conservative Baptist Association
  • Conservative Baptist Association of America
  • Continental Baptist Churches
  • Convención Nacional Bautista de Mexico
  • Convention of Atlantic Baptist Churches
  • Convention of Baptist Churches of Northern Circars
  • Council of Baptist Churches in Northeast India
  • Council of Baptist Churches in Northern India
  • Cooperative Baptist Fellowship
  • European Baptist Convention
  • European Baptist Federation
  • Evangelical Baptist Mission of South Haiti
  • Evangelical Free Baptist Church
  • Evangelical Baptist Church of Kent
  • Fellowship of Evangelical Baptist Churches in Canada
  • Free Will Baptist Church
  • Fundamental Baptist Fellowship of America
  • General Association of Baptists
  • General Association of General Baptists
  • General Association of Regular Baptist Churches
  • General Conference of the Evangelical Baptist Church, Inc.
  • General Six-Principle Baptists
  • Grace Baptist Assembly
  • Independent Baptist
  • Independent Baptist Church of America
  • Independent Baptist Fellowship International
  • Independent Baptist Fellowship of North America
  • Interstate & Foreign Landmark Missionary Baptist Association
  • Landmark Baptist Church
  • Liberty Baptist Fellowship
  • Manipur Baptist Convention
  • Myanmar Baptist Convention
  • Nagaland Baptist Church Council
  • National Association of Free Will Baptists
  • National Baptist Convention of America, Inc.
  • National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc.
  • National Baptist Evangelical Life and Soul Saving Assembly of the U.S.A.
  • National Missionary Baptist Convention of America
  • National Primitive Baptist Convention of the U.S.A.
  • New England Evangelical Baptist Fellowship
  • Nigerian Baptist Convention
  • North American Baptist Conference
  • North Bank Baptist Christian Association
  • Norwegian Baptist Union
  • Old Baptist Union
  • Old Regular Baptist
  • Old Time Missionary Baptist
  • Primitive Baptist
  • Progressive Baptist
  • Progressive National Baptist Convention
  • Reformed Baptist
  • Regular Baptist Churches, General Association of
  • Regular Baptist
  • Samavesam of Telugu Baptist Churches
  • Separate Baptist
  • Separate Baptists in Christ
  • Seventh Day Baptist
  • Southeast Conservative Baptist
  • Southern Baptist Convention
  • Southern Baptists of Texas
  • Sovereign Grace Baptists
  • Strict Baptists
  • Two-Seed-in-the-Spirit Predestinarian Baptists
  • Union d’Églises baptistes françaises au Canada
  • United American Free Will Baptist Church
  • United American Free Will Baptist Conference
  • United Baptist
  • United Baptist Convention of the Atlantic Provinces
  • United Free Will Baptist
  • World Baptist Fellowship

[edit]Spiritual Baptists

Note: The Spiritual Baptist Archdiocese of New York, Inc has congregationalist affiliations for the purpose of cooperation, in which each local church is governmentally independent.

  • The Spiritual Baptist Archdiocese of New York, Inc.

[edit]Apostolic Churches – Irvingites

  • Catholic Apostolic Church
    • New Apostolic Church
      • United Apostolic Church
    • Old Apostolic Church
    • Restored Apostolic Mission Church

[edit]Pentecostalism

Main article: Pentecostalism

See also: List_of_Christian_denominations#Oneness_Pentecostalism

  • Apostolic Church
  • Apostolic Faith Church
  • Apostolic Faith Mission of South Africa
  • Assemblies of God
    • Assembleias de Deus
    • Assemblies of God in India‎
    • Assemblies of God in New Zealand
    • Assemblies of God in the United Kingdom
    • Assemblies of God in Vietnam
    • Australian Christian Churches
    • General Council of the Assemblies of God of the United States
    • Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada
    • Philippines General Council of the Assemblies of God
  • Australian Fellowship of Faith Churches and Ministers Int. (AFFCMI)
  • Believers Church
  • Bible-Pattern Church Fellowship
  • Calvary Holiness Association
  • Communion of Evangelical Episcopal Churches
  • Charisma Christian Church
  • Christ Gospel Churches International
  • Christian City Churches
  • Christian Church of North America
  • Christian Congregation of Brazil
  • Christian Outreach Centre
  • Christian Revival Crusade
  • Church of God (Charleston, Tennessee)
  • Church of God (Chattanooga)
  • Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee)
  • Church of God (Full Gospel) in India
  • Church of God (Huntsville, Alabama)
  • The Church of God (Jerusalem Acres)
  • Church of God by Faith
  • The Church of God for All Nations
  • Church of God, House of Prayer
  • Church of God in Christ
  • Church of God Mountain Assembly
  • Church of God of Prophecy
  • Church of God of the Original Mountain Assembly
  • Church of God of the Union Assembly
  • Church of God with Signs Following
  • Church of the Foursquare Gospel in the Philippines
  • Church of the Little Children of Jesus Christ
  • Congregational Holiness Church
  • CRC Churches International
  • Deeper Life Bible Church
  • Destiny Church
  • Elim Fellowship
  • Elim Pentecostal Church
  • Evangelical Pentecostal Church of Besançon
  • Every Nation Family of Churches and Ministries
  • The Fellowship (FGFCMI)
  • Fire Baptized Holiness Church of God of the Americas
  • Free Apostolic Church of Pentecost
  • Full Gospel
  • Full Gospel Pentecostal church (FGPC) http://www.fgpc.in/
  • God is Love Pentecostal Church
  • Holiness Baptist Association
  • Independent Assemblies of God, International
  • Indian Pentecostal Church of God
  • International Church of the Foursquare Gospel
  • International Circle of Faith
  • International Pentecostal Church of Christ
  • International Pentecostal Holiness Church
  • Mission of Full Gospel – Christian Open Door
  • New Life Churches
  • Open Bible Standard Churches
  • Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada
  • Pentecostal/Charismatic Churches of North America
  • Pentecostal Church in Indonesia
  • Pentecostal Church of God
  • Pentecostal Free Will Baptist Church
  • The Pentecostal Mission
  • Pentecostal Missionary Church of Christ (4th Watch)
  • Pentecostal World Conference
  • Potter’s House Christian Fellowship
  • Redeemed Christian Church of God
  • Revival Centres International
  • Sharon Fellowship Church
  • The Revival Fellowship
  • United Gospel Tabernacles
  • United Holy Church of America

[edit]Charismatics

Main article: Charismatic movement

See also: Catholic Charismatic Renewal

  • Association of Vineyard Churches
  • Calvary Chapel
  • Blessed Church http://blessed.org.my/
  • Charismatic Episcopal Church}
  • City Harvest Church
  • Faith Christian Fellowship International
  • Every Nation
  • Full Gospel
  • Jesus Army
  • Ministries of His Glory
  • Ministries Without Borders
  • New Frontiers
  • Sovereign Grace Ministries

[edit]Neo-Charismatic Churches

  • Bible Christian Mission
  • Church on the Rock- International
  • Local churches
  • Destiny Church Groningen
  • Born Again Movement
  • New Life Fellowship Association
  • True Jesus Church
  • Jimmy’s Followers

[edit]African Initiated Churches

Main article: African Initiated Church

  • Apostles of Johane Marauke
  • Christ Apostolic Miracle Ministry
  • Celestial Church of Christ
  • Christ Apostolic Church
  • Church of the Lord (Aladura)
  • Eternal Sacred Order of Cherubim and Seraphim
  • Kimbanguist Church
  • The African Church
  • Zion Christian Church

[edit]United and uniting churches

Churches which are the result of a merger between distinct denominational churches. Churches are listed here when their disparate heritage marks them as inappropriately listed in the particular categories above.

Main article: United and uniting churches

  • China Christian Council
  • Church of Bangladesh
  • Church of Pakistan
  • Church of North India
  • Church of South India
  • Evangelical Church in Germany
  • Evangelical Church of Czech Brethren
  • Mar Thoma Church
  • Protestant Church in the Netherlands
  • St. Thomas Evangelical Church
  • United Church of Canada
  • United Church of Christ
  • United Church in Jamaica and the Cayman Islands
  • United Church in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands
  • United Church of Christ in the Philippines
  • Uniting Church in Australia

[edit]Religious Society of Friends (Quakers)

Main article: Religious Society of Friends

  • Conservative Friends
  • Evangelical Friends International
  • Friends General Conference
  • Friends United Meeting

Note: The Religious Society of Friends is historically considered a Protestant denomination. While Evangelical Friends and most members of the Friends United Meeting would consider themselves Protestant Christians, many Quakers today consider their faith to be a distinct, non-Protestant form of Christianity. Some Friends General Conference Quakers are “post-Christian” and some non-theists.

[edit]Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement

Main article: Restoration Movement

See also: Christian primitivism and Second Great Awakening

  • Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)
  • Churches of Christ
  • Churches of Christ (non-institutional)
  • Churches of Christ in Australia
  • Christian churches and churches of Christ
  • International Churches of Christ (Boston Movement)
  • Evangelical Christian Church in Canada[7]

[edit]Southcottites

  • Christian Israelite Church

[edit]Millerites and comparable groups

 

The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the discussion on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until the dispute is resolved. (June 2011)

See also: List of Christian denominations#Bible Student groups

[edit]Sabbath-Keeping Churches, Adventist

  • Adventist Church of Promise
  • Creation Seventh Day Adventist Church
  • General Conference of the Church of God (Seventh-Day)
  • Seventh-day Adventist Church
  • Seventh Day Adventist Reform Movement

[edit]Sabbath-Keeping Churches, Non-Adventist

  • Branch Davidians
  • Church of God International (USA)
  • Church of the Great God
  • Intercontinental Church of God
  • Living Church of God
  • Philadelphia Church of God

Seventh-Day Baptists Seventh-Day Evangelist Church

  • Seventh Day Christians – Norway (Syvende dags Kristne)
  • True Jesus Church
  • United Church of God
  • United Seventh-Day Brethren

[edit]Sunday Adventists

  • Advent Christian Church
  • Church of God General Conference (Abrahamic Faith)
  • Church of the Blessed Hope (aka Church of God of the Abrahamic Faith)

[edit]Sacred Name Groups

  • Assemblies of Yahweh
  • House of Yahweh
  • New Life Fellowship
  • Jehovah’s Witnesses
  • Dawn Bible Students Association
  • Assembly of Yahweh
  • Friends of Man
  • Christian Millennial Fellowship
  • Pastoral Bible Institute

[edit]British-Israelism

Main article: British Israelism

  • British-Israel-World Federation
  • Christian Identity and other white separatist/supremacist groups
    • Church of Jesus Christ-Christian (Aryan Nations)
    • Kingdom Identity Ministries
    • LaPorte Church of Christ
  • The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord
  • Revival Centres International
  • The Revival Fellowship
  • Armstrongism

[edit]Miscellaneous/Other

  • Associated Gospel Churches of Canada (AGC)
  • Believers’ Church in India
  • Family International a.k.a. “The Family International”, “Family of Love”, “The Family”
  • Church of Christ, Instrumental (Kelleyites)
  • Christian Conventions (a.k.a. Two by TwosThe TruthThe Way, etc.)
  • Christian & Missionary Alliance
  • Cooneyites (not to be confused with Christian Conventions, above)
  • Eternal Grace
  • Evangelical Church of West Africa
  • Evangelical Covenant Church of America (“Swedish Evangelical Mission Covenant”)
  • Evangelical Free Church of Canada
  • Fellowship of Fundamental Bible Churches
  • Grace Movement Churches
  • Great Commission Association
  • Shakers
  • Indian Shakers
  • Jesus Movement
  • Methernitha
  • Metropolitan Community Churches
  • Native American Church
  • New Frontiers (formerly New Frontiers International)
  • Schwenkfelder Church
  • Strigolniki
  • Universal Life
  • Yehowists (aka Yehowists-Ilyinites, Russian Jehovists
  • The Children of God Reformed Church

[edit]Christian Revival Church

*Christian Revival Church India

  • Christian Revival Church Nagaland
  • Christian Revival Church Arunachal Pradesh
  • Christian Revival Church Meghalaya
  • Christian Revival Church Assam
  • Christian Revival Church Manipur
  • Christian Revival Church Sikkim
  • Christian Revival Church West Bengal
  • Christian Revival Church Tamil Nadu
  • Christian Revival Church Maharastra
  • Christian Revival Church Uttra Pradesh
  • Christian Revival Church Bihar
  • Christian Revival Church Myanmar
  • Christian Revival Church Nepal

[edit]Latter Day Saints

Main articles: Latter Day Saint movement and Mormonism

See also: List of sects in the Latter Day Saint movement

Most Latter Day Saint denominations are derived from the Church of Christ, established by Joseph Smith in 1830. The majority of “Prairie Saint” denominations were established after the death of Smithby the remnants of the Saints who did not go west with Brigham Young. The Rocky Mountain denominations are various sects who broke from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints after its abandonment of polygamy in 1890. Other denominations are defined by either a belief in Joseph Smith as a prophet, or acceptance of the Book of Mormon as scripture. Mormonism is generally considered restorationist, believing that Smith, by inspiration and revelation, restored the original Church of Christ to the earth. Some Latter Day Saint denominations are regarded by other Christians as being nontrinitarian, but generally do not accept that label themselves, in contrast to the groups labeled “nontrinitarian” below.

The churches within the Latter Day Saint movement are not recognized as an orthodox Christian denomination, and are usually rejected as Christian altogether by most Protestants. Mormons, however, strongly oppose this rejection.

[edit]Original denomination

  • The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

[edit]”Prairie Saint” denominations

  • Church of Christ (Temple Lot) (Hedrickites)
  • Church of Christ with the Elijah Message
  • Church of Jesus Christ (Bickertonite)
  • Church of Jesus Christ (Cutlerite)
  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Strangite)
  • Community of Christ, formerly called Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (RLDS) (largest “Prairie Saint” denomination)
  • Remnant Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
  • Independent RLDS / Restoration Branches
  • Restoration Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
  • Restored Church of Jesus Christ (Eugene O. Walton)

[edit]Rocky Mountains denominations

  • Apostolic United Brethren
  • The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) – by far the largest Latter Day Saint denomination
  • Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (FLDS)
  • Latter Day Church of Christ (Kingston Clan)
  • The True and Living Church of Jesus Christ of Saints of the Last Days

[edit]Other denominations

  • Aaronic Order
  • Restoration Church of Jesus Christ

[edit]Nontrinitarian groups

Main article: Nontrinitarianism

Various denominations whose self-understanding denies trinitarian theology held by other Christians.

[edit]Oneness Pentecostalism

Main article: Oneness Pentecostalism

  • Affirming Pentecostal Church International
  • Apostolic Assemblies of Christ
  • Apostolic Assembly of the Faith in Christ Jesus
  • Apostolic Brethren
  • Apostolic Church of Pentecost
  • Apostolic Gospel Church of Jesus Christ
  • Apostolic Overcoming Holy Church of God
  • Assemblies of the Lord Jesus Christ
  • Bible Way Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ
  • Churches of Jesus Christ International
  • Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith
  • Global Alliance of Affirming Apostolic Pentecostals
  • Pentecostal Assemblies of the World
  • United Pentecostal Church International
  • United Pentecostal Church in India

[edit]Unitarianism and Universalism

Main articles: Unitarianism and Christian Universalism

See also: Unitarian Universalism

  • American Unitarian Conference, North America
  • Christian Universalist Association, US
  • International Council of Unitarians and Universalists
    • Australian and New Zealand Unitarian Universalist Association
    • Canadian Unitarian Council
    • Deutsche Unitarier Religionsgemeinschaft, Germany
    • European Unitarian Universalists
    • General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches, United Kingdom & Ireland
    • Unitarian Universalist Association, US
    • Unitarian Universalist Society of Spain
    • Unitarisk Kirkesamfund, Denmark
  • Socinianism (extinct as a modern and distinct group)
    • Polish Brethren (extinct as a modern and distinct group)

[edit]Bible Student groups

Main article: Bible Student movement

  • Christian Millennial Fellowship
  • Dawn Bible Students Association
  • Friends of Man
  • Jehovah’s Witnesses
  • Laymen’s Home Missionary Movement
  • Pastoral Bible Institute

[edit]Swedenborgianism

Main article: Swedenborgianism

See also: The New Church

  • General Church of the New Jerusalem
  • Lord’s New Church Which Is Nova Hierosolyma
  • Swedenborgian Church of North America formerly General Convention of the New Jerusalem

[edit]Other non-Trinitarians

  • Christadelphians
  • Church of the Blessed Hope
  • Church of Christ, Scientist
  • Doukhobors (“Spirit-Wrestlers”)
  • Arian Catholic Church
  • Iglesia ni Cristo
  • Makuya
  • Molokans
  • Members Church of God International
  • Most Holy Church of God in Christ Jesus
  • Subbotniks
  • Two by Twos (“Christian Conventions”)
  • Unification Church
  • Universal Alliance
  • The Way International

[edit]Messianic Judaism / Jewish Christians

Main article: Messianic Judaism

See also: Messianic Movement and Messianic Jewish theology

  • Chosen People Ministries
  • Coalition of Torah Observant Messianic Congregations
  • British Messianic Jewish Alliance
  • Fellowship of Messianic Congregations (FMC)
  • International Alliance of Messianic Congregations and Synagogues
  • International Federations of Messianic Jews (IFMJ)
  • International Messianic Jewish Alliance (IMJA)
  • Jews for Jesus
  • Messianic Bureau International (MBI)
  • Messianic Israel Alliance (MIA)
  • Messianic Jewish Alliance of America (MJAA)
  • Messianic Jewish Alliance of Australia
  • Messianic Hebrews International
  • The Association of Messianic Congregations (AMC)
  • The British Messianic Jewish Alliance
  • The International Alliance of Messianic Congregations and Synagogues (IAMCS)
  • The Jerusalem Council
  • The United Alliance of Congregations Pursuing a Messianic Torah
  • Tikkun Ministries International
  • Union of Conservative Messianic Synagogues (UCMJS)
  • Union of Nazarene Jewish Synagogues
  • Union of Messianic Jewish Congregations (UMJC)
  • Union of Nazarene Yisraelite Congregations
  • United Messianic Jewish Alliance (UMJA)

[edit]Esoteric Christianity

Main articles: Esoteric Christianity and Western Mystery Tradition

  • Anthroposophical Society of Rudolf Steiner
  • Archeosophical Society of Tommaso Palamidessi
  • Lectorium Rosicrucianum of Jan van Rijckenborgh/Catharose de Petri
  • Martinism of Louis Claude de Saint-Martin et al.
  • Societas Rosicruciana by Masons
  • The Rosicrucian Fellowship of Max Heindel

[edit]New Thought

Main article: New Thought

See also: History of New Thought

The relation of New Thought to Christianity is sometimes murky; some of its adherents see themselves as practicing a true or correct form of Christianity, or as doing what Jesus did, while others, in particular, Religious Science says “yes and no” to the question of whether it considers itself Christian leaving it to the individual to define themselves.[8]

  • Church of Divine Science[9]
  • Religious Science[10]
  • Unity Church[11]

[edit]Syncretistic religions incorporating elements of Christianity

The relation of these movements to other Christian ideas can be remote. They are listed here because they include some elements of Christian practice or beliefs, within religious contexts which may be only loosely characterized as Christian.

  • Candomblé
  • Vodou
  • Pilgrims of Arès
  • Rastafari movement
  • Santería
  • Santo Daime
  • Umbanda

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Are you still with me??? Good – because THAT’S NOT ALL!!!!! Here are some MORE religions:

Yes, I know, some of these overlap the ones above, and do center on Christ. But these two lists serve my purpose (oh, and the above was found on worldreligions.com). The founding fathers of the United States wanted, among other things, no central, government-sponsored religion. This was to be a nation of religious freedom never before imagined. Go back in history – even some 5,000+ years before the birth of Christ (some historians will say go 10,000 years before, or even more). The main civilizations had a central religion. Didn’t like it? You were imprisoned or killed. Period end of story. Multitudes have been killed over the millenia in the name of religion. That is a whole other subject. Back to our marriage woes. Many people who marry choose to have a marriage in a church. Most choose to marry in the church where they worship. But thousands of couples get married at the courthouse, in the park, at home, at the lake – there was even a story not too long ago about a couple that got married at 10,000 feet while sky diving! My point is two-pronged. First, if marriage is religious, then are all the couples who got married somewhere other than the church illegally married? No, they are LEGALLY married. There’s that pesky word again. Are they married according to the tenets of THEIR religion? Absolutely – because its THEIR religion. Look up at that list again. It added over 6,000 words to this blog. Every single person who worships at one of those religions BELIEVES in their religion. The cool part is, our founding documents and laws say that EVERY SINGLE ONE OF THOSE RELIGIONS IS WELCOME HERE!!!!! What we DO NOT have the right to is impose our beliefs on our fellow citizens. I’m 51 years old. I went to school with Jewish kids, Catholic kids, and Protestant kids. I even went to school with kids who NEVER WENT TO CHURCH! You know what we had in common? That’s right, we were AMERICANS. What my fellow Americans choose to do in their private lives is not my business. Every single person who claims United States citizenship is granted rights and responsibilities. Marriage, as a civil right, is finally granted to all who would enter that relationship. You have the right to your religious convictions. Absolutely. You do not have the right to impose those convictions on other citizens of this country. You have never had that right. Our founders designed it that way, so that ALL AMERICANS could worship as they pleased, something they could not do in their countries of origin.

Back in the 1960’s, there was a huge Civil Rights Movement in the United States. In my opinion, and that’s all it is, my opinion, the end desire of that movement was to move closer to equality for all citizens of this country, and equality that had long been denied to a segment of the population. We have the amazing chance at this juncture in our history to level that playing field even more. We have the chance to be AMERICANS – nothing more, and most assuredly nothing less. We can close this chasm, if we only will. The term American needs no modifiers. There should be only one type of citizen of the United States – the American Citizen. Just as no flag should fly above the flag of the United States of America, no part of your heritage should be more important than the distinction of being a citizen of this yet fledgling nation. Me – I’m an American with ancestry of British, Scottish, German and Dutch origin. But the definition I prefer is that I am an American citizen who proudly served in the United States Navy, and who loves her country, all of its history positive and negative, and is so very thankful for the multitude of freedoms guaranteed me by the founders of this nation some 239 years ago. I don’t ask you to agree with me. I don’t ask you to argue with me. All I ask is your unbiased, contemplative consideration. Can you be an American first, and respect the differences that this amalgamated citizenry represents? Or will you, as evidenced by the posts and comments on social media over the past few days, continue in your destructive “my way or the highway” mentality?

I give this post to you. Do with it what you will. All it truly represents are my musings.

Advertisements
This entry was posted in America, American, awareness, education, Freedom, judgement, life, marriage, respect, support, Uncategorized, United States and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s